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Your ABCs of Heart Health


  • Aspirin use: Talk with your health care provider about taking this with or without other antiplatelet drugs
  • ACE inhibitor or ARB agent, as prescribed
  • Avoid tobacco and secondhand smoke


  • Blood pressure ideally under 120/80
    • Low-sodium (low-salt) diet
    • Regular exercise
  • Beta-blocker, as prescribed
  • BMI 25 or less — maintain a healthy weight


  • Cardiac rehabilitation: Recommended if you have stable angina (heart pain), or if you have had a heart attack, angioplasty and stent placement, heart bypass surgery, heart valve surgery, and heart transplant surgery
  • Cholesterol control: LDL cholesterol goal is less than 70 for most people with coronary artery disease
    • Check cholesterol 6 to 8 weeks after starting or changing treatment
    • Follow up with your local health care provider


  • Dietary habits — Low in calories, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium
    • Whole grains
    • 5+ servings fruits/vegetables
    • Lean, healthy proteins
    • Small amount of healthy fats (such as unsalted nuts, olive oil, etc.)
  • Diabetes control
    • Exercise as instructed
    • Follow prescribed diet
    • Maintain good control of blood sugar (hemoglobin A1C 7.0% or less)
  • Depression and stress management


  • Exercise 30+ minutes at least five days per week


  • Follow up with your health care provider for management of heart disease
This material is for your education and information only. This content does not replace medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. New medical research may change this information. If you have questions about a medical condition, always talk with your health care provider.